Heel illnesses affect numerous horses worldwide. Common symptoms of this condition are vessels enlargement at the heel area, flexor region degeneration among others. Even though there have been efforts by researchers to invent curative measures, no positive results have been seen yet. Fortunately, with proper management, animals can live normally even without Navicular disease treatment. Precisely, management involves therapy, medical intervention, and surgery. Each of them is discussed below in detail.
First signs of hoof ailments are reflected on hooves. For this reason, before trying any other form of cure, ensure proper shoeing is done regularly. Shoeing is a process of balancing all sides of hooves. Ideally, hoof front should lie parallel to the pastern line while back side lies parallel to the pastern itself. Most limping horses have longer toes than normal as well as under-run heels. If trimmed to normal size, limping reduces and horses become more comfortable.
If the pastern axis is broken, then the angle between the front and back of a heel is affected. This leads to horses landing back to front rather than front to back. To restore, specialists apply some padding to raise the heel angle. The response towards this type of management differs from one animal to another. If a horse tolerates therapy, padding reduces tension exerted on flexor valve easing the pain. Specialists must observe what position provides the most comfort.
When limping is more intense, medication should be applied besides physiotherapy. Experts recommend dosages depending on causes of the ailment. Bute is an anti-inflammatory medicine which has proved effective over a long period of time. Even though a combination of therapy and Bute works well, one must administer the right dosage proportions. If possible, only administer when needed especially during work hours when pain is extreme.
In case a horse has zero tolerance to Bute, another form of medication is Isoxsuprine. It addresses low blood circulation through vasodilation of blood vessels. However, there have been controversies surrounding usage of this medication. This is because most specialists have reported little or no improvement even after usage. Even with such observations, a couple of therapy and Isoxsuprine has worked in other animals. Other drugs which work in a similar manner are Pentoxifylline as well as Metrenperone.
If therapy coupled with drugs fail to relieve a horse of heel pain, the last option is surgery. Pain is felt through nerve endings on affected regions. Cutting these nerves tends to reduce pain during movement. Surgery has progressively improved from a simple cutting of nerves using a blade to more developed procedures using laser equipment.
The last option when every other medication has failed is Neurectomy. Unlike other management procedures, Neurectomy only aims at reducing pain. Hooves continue degenerating from inside with time. For this reason, it can only be adopted if all other medications do not work.
Even though surgical procedures on nerves have longer effects compared to others, they are not permanent. Owners must perform it over and over again to eliminate growing nerves. Some horses develop other serious complications after surgery.
You can get a detailed list of the factors to consider before picking a navicular disease treatment option at http://www.naviculardisease.com right now.